Thursday, June 25, 2020

Mood Swings and Bipolar Disorder - Free Essay Example

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by extreme mood disturbances. These include changes in energy level, activity, sleep, behaviors, and judgement. Bipolar disorder is one of the psychiatric disorders with a complex and multifactorial heritage. According to Bipolar disorder: Implications for nursing practice (2017), the age for bipolar diagnosis begins at 18 and it can be diagnosed at any time in a persons life. Studies reveal that the prevalence of bipolar disorder is 0.5% to 1.5% amongst the general population, that the disease is generally diagnosed between 18 and 30 years of age, and that its prevalence in men and women is similar (Bipolar disorder: Implications for nursing practice, 2017). Individuals who experienced bipolar spectrum disorder symptoms for lifetime was about 2.4% of the general population, with a prevalence of 0.6% of Bipolar disorder Type I and 0.4% of Bipolar type II (Rowland Marwaha, 2018). The prevalence of Bipolar Type I in US is 1%, which is slightly higher than other countries. Some data suggest that females are at greater risk for depression and rapid mood shifts, while males have a greater risk for mania (Bipolar Disorder, 2016). There are multiple risk factors that contribute to the developm ent of bipolar disorder (BD). The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) describes bipolar disorder in adults as possibly due to genetics, or brain variations in structure or function. According to Amini, Najafi-Vosough, Ghaleiha, and Mahjub (2017), almost 60% and 75% of patients experience relapse within 2 and 5 years. According to World Health Organization reports, bipolar disorder is the sixth leading cause of life-long disability worldwide. Amini et al. (2017) state that BD is a serious and chronic disorder, which is ongoing with recoveries and relapses and causes significant morbidity and mortality. There are no definitive blood tests or brain scans to diagnose this condition. However, brains of people with bipolar disorder show different patterns than the brains of healthy people or people with other mental disorders. Diagnosis is done by a psychiatrist through diagnostic tests, family history assessment, and history of symptoms. Because of the overlapping symptoms with certain conditions like major depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and anxiety, BD is commonly misdiagnosed. Bipolar disorder exists along with other illnesses, such as anxiety disorder, substance abuse, or eating disorders. Patients tend to seek treatment when depressed. An accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder is essential to develop an effective plan of treatment. It is necessary to run a complete physical exam to eliminate other diseases causing mood fluctuations. Also necessary to study is a complete medical history, as well as family and social history that might be influencing changes in mood. Providers should screen for depression to differentiate between unipolar and bipolar. People with BD are at risk for thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses. Nonadherence to medication therapy results in relapses. Manic episodes can be described as over exhibition of joy, more energy than usual, belief in ability to do many things simultaneously, irritability, racing thoughts, risky behaviors, unusual sexual activity, and overspending of money. Depressive episodes consist of feelings of sadness and hopelessness, loss of interest in activities, trouble concentrating, forgetfulness, over- or under-eating, trouble sleeping, and suicidal thoughts. Bipolar I Disorder is characterized by manic episodes that last at least 7 days or severe manic symptoms that require hospitalization, as well as depressive episodes lasting at least 2 weeks. Bipolar II Disorder is defined by a mixture of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the true manic episodes. Cyclothymic Disorder incorporates numerous periods of hypomania and depression lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar an d Related Disorder is defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018).

Thursday, May 21, 2020

What the World Eats, by Peter Menzel - 1750 Words

Four people sit kneeling around a small table in a small room laden with food. A room where a serious man in a black box holds out a can of something altered and edible, and a young girl perched near her mother clutches a bag of potato chips to her chest as if claiming it as solely her own. This is the scene depicted in a photograph of the Ukita family in Kodaira City, Japan as part of a series taken by Peter Menzel for the book â€Å"What the World Eats†. This series of photographs illustrates not only what people eat in different parts of the world, but also how their families, and lives as fellow humans can so closely resemble our own. The Ukita family is kneeling around a small table in a small room. The extent of the food they’ve†¦show more content†¦But the presence of these foods is not necessarily the entire point of the image. It is true that Japan is currently the second largest packaged food market behind the United States, and is the third largest market for U.S. exports of food products such as red meats, processed fruits and vegetables, and snack foods (Japan country profile, 2011); however it is also true that Japan continues to be among the top ten countries with the lowest obesity rates with only 3.1% of people with a BMI over 30. Comparing this to the current obesity rate in the United States at 33.9% tells us that even if there has been an apparent increase of the consumption of junk food in Japan, the country is still not anywhere near partaking in the level of unhealthy eating seen in the U.S. (A spotlight on world obesity rates, 2013). As said by Naomichi Ishige in The Cambridge W orld History of Food, â€Å"Although there has been a rapid increase in the consumption of previously rare foods, such as meat, eggs, dairy products, and fats, the consumption of traditional foods, like fish and vegetables, has also increased.†(V.B.4-Japan, 2000). This is evident in the photograph of the Ukita family. Although there is a presence of unhealthy food in the form of the family’s chips and cake they are placed on the far edges of the image whereas the abundance of the family’s fish and vegetables areShow MoreRelatedWhat Families East in â€Å"Hungry Planet: What the World Peter Menzel and Faith DAlusio1161 Words   |  5 PagesPeter Menzel and Faith D’Alusio conducted a photographic study of what families around the world eat during the course of one week. They then compiled their work into a book called â€Å"Hungry Planet: What the World Eats.† Included are photographs of 30 families from 24 different countries. This photogr aph allows the viewer to witness the immense differences and surprising similarities in diets around the globe. The photos are beautiful, but it is the questions brought about by the staggering comparisonsRead MoreThe Effects Of Gmo On Humans And The Environment908 Words   |  4 PagesGenetically modified food has been proven to cause cancer in rats at alarming rats. What does this mean for people? The largest supplier of Genetically modified organisms has denied the fact that GMO’s are dangerous and have a launched wide spread propaganda campaign in order to convince the public they are safe. The common message spread across the media is that GMO’s will feed the ever-expanding world. GMO suppliers claim the GMO crops yield twice as much as normal farms yet multiple experiments

Monday, May 18, 2020

Biology The Scientific Study Of Life - 1617 Words

Biology is defined as the scientific study of life. (Campbell Essential Biology) Whether or not something is â€Å"alive† is recognized by their ability to perform actions that living things do. There are seven main properties associated with life, we refer to these as; The Properties of Life. Order, regulation, growth and development, energy processing, response to the environment, reproduction, and evolution; these properties are the basis in which we use to determine whether or not something is â€Å"alive† or â€Å"living.† Cells are the composition of all life. Every living thing on our planet is made up of thousands of cells. Within the properties of life, Order states that all living things exhibit a complex, but ordered organization. Organisms consist of many cells that are highly organized and coordinated. Within each cell, atoms, which are the smallest unit of matter, composes molecules. Molecules in turns develop cell organelles. As more cells develop, these organelles create the elaborate organs within an organism, each of which provides a key function to the organism s day-to-day survival. There are two basic categories in which cells are categorized; prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are known as prokaryotes. Organisms of the prokaryotic domain include bacteria and archaea. In comparison, Eukaryotic cells, also known as eukaryotes, include domains of the protists, plants, fungi and animals. While each of these cell types are similar, they haveShow MoreRelatedExploring Biology854 Words   |  4 PagesAP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 1: Introduction: Themes in the Study of Life Fred and Theresa Holtzclaw Name_______________________Period___________ Chapter 1: Introduction: Themes in the Study of Life Begin your study of biology this year by reading Chapter 1. It will serve as a reminder about biological concepts that you may have learned in an earlier course and give you an overview of what you will study this year. 1. In the overview, Figure 1.3 recalls manyRead MoreSci 115 Week 5 Assignment 1 Biology Article948 Words   |  4 PagesSCI 115 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT 1 BIOLOGY ARTICLE To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM SCI 115 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT 1 BIOLOGY ARTICLE SCI 115 Week 5 Assignment 1 - Biology Article Assignment 1: Biology Article Use the Internet and / or the Strayer Learning Resource Center to research aspects of biology. Select one (1) article from a magazine or newspaper that has something in it thatRead MoreThe Discoveries Of The Scientific Revolution1444 Words   |  6 PagesBefore the Scientific Revolution began to take shape around the year 1550, the world of science was exceedingly narrow and thought to be known. The scientific views of the pre-scientific revolution stem back even further than the popular Aristotelian era of science. Hippocrates contributed greatly to the field of science, especially in the field of medicine. It was during his years of medical studies that Hippocrates theorized the â€Å"Four Temperaments†. This theory hypothesized that there are fourRead MoreHistory of Biochemistry: Chemistry and Biology Connection to the World Today991 Words   |  4 Pages What criteria connects biology to chemistry? -Chemistry has changed the way the world is today. -Biology has changed how certain organisms live and stay alive today. I will explain how chemistry and biology connect throughout the world today. Following questions: †¢What was this society like before the discovery of biology? Biology is the study of living organisms and how organisms may live after awhile. Aristotle discovered biology in 1802.The term biology was first coined by gifted gottfried ReinholdRead MoreWhat Is Life? Worksheet1661 Words   |  7 Pages What Is Life? Worksheet Ken Wisnieski BIO101 8/31/15 Sheryl Wildt What Is Life? Part I: Media Relevancy Read each statement. Write a 100-word summary explaining how the chosen media piece supports the statement. Include reference citations. 1. Find a media piece—article, video, presentation, song, or other—that recognizes the fundamental concepts of chemistry in biology. Include the link or reference citation for the piece and describe how it helped you better understand howRead MoreAre Viruses Alive? Article Writeup Essay722 Words   |  3 PagesVillarreal, Luis P. â€Å"Are Viruses Alive?† Scientific American, December 2004. In the article â€Å"Are Viruses Alive?,† Luis P. Villarreal discusses the effects of viruses on life, while presenting different angles as to whether or not they are alive themselves and arguing about the impact viruses have had on evolution. Through a deeper understanding of viruses and their functions, the scientific community may come to fully appreciate viruses, whether they are living or non-living in themselves, as significantRead MoreEssay on Physical Anthropology: The Link between Human Nature914 Words   |  4 Pages Physical anthropology â€Å"is in large part, human biology seen from an evolutionary perspective† (Jurmaln, Kilgore Trevathan, 2011). By this statement, I believe the authors mean that physical anthropology studies human biology with an evolutionary viewpoint rather than a scientific or medical viewpoint. Anthropology, as a broader science, is concerned with and studies human culture and the evolutionary aspects of human biology. Since cult ure affects human beings and human beings affect cultureRead MoreDifference Between Personal And Shared Knowledge1459 Words   |  6 Pagesname but a few. How each has changed the course of the pursuit of scientific knowledge leaves open the question of whether each is a benefit or a burden to be overpowered. From the perspective of the development of scientific knowledge in particular, a personal point of view can be considered a disadvantage in the pursuit of knowledge. One result of a personal point of view in the pursuit of knowledge is the bias brought to a new study. Bias can be brought through personal and shared knowledge. ForRead MoreWildlife Conservation and Biology Essay1571 Words   |  7 Pagesstudying and spending time with these animals as their everyday life. I should be a wildlife biologist so I can study land mammals. Wildlife biology is a field of biology in which land animals are studied. It deals with all animals with backbones and studies individual species of wildlife, their habitats, and surrounding ecosystems (Fitzgerald). It also studies how animals may interact with their ecosystem. Without wildlife biology we would not have extensive knowledge of other animal species,Read MoreMedia Reviews: What Is Life?758 Words   |  3 PagesWhat Is Life? Q1. Find a media piece article, video, presentation, song, or other related to the scientific method, creating hypotheses, or designing experiments. Include the link or reference citation for the piece and describe how it helped you better understand how the scientific method is used to create hypotheses and experiments. Even children are capable of understanding the scientific method. On a website intended to help children with their science fair projects, the steps of the method

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Traditional Argument - 1359 Words

In 2011, there were 19,454 reported cases of vaccine preventable diseases in the United States alone (Rouch 2011). Most of these cases could have been prevented simply by getting a vaccination for certain diseases. There has been much discussion in recent years over whether or not parents should have their children vaccinated. Parents hear a great deal of information in the medi about the effectiveness and side effects of vaccinations. After hearing all sorts of negative things about vaccinations, it is easy to see why parents would be reluctant to have their children injected with all sorts of chemicals. In the end, the reason that children are not required to be vaccinated is that it is illegal to force someone to be vaccinated, but is†¦show more content†¦Many people choose to rely on what is known as â€Å"herd immunity† to protect their children from infectious diseases. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases describes herd immunity by saying t hat when a critical portion of a community is immunized against a contagious disease, most members of the community are protected against that disease (NIAID 2010). This lulls many people into a false sense of security from preventable diseases. This principle is based on the assumption that people are stagnant and that communities stay completely together all the time. In the case of the seven year old and measles mentioned previously, the idea of a herd immunity was proven ineffective when the child returned to the United States with the measles disease and infected those who were unprotected. Unless every single bacteria or virus on the planet is destroyed, there can be no way for those who choose not to be vaccinated to be protected from disease. There are a few exceptions where herd immunity is the only way to keep someone safe from disease. In rare cases, children cannot be vaccinated because they are allergic to part of the vaccination or because their immune systems are compromised due to cancer, HIV, transplants, and many other medical complications (Shepherd amp; Grabenstein, 2001). â€Å"You shouldn’t have the shot (MMR) if your immune system is weak because of cancer drugs, corticosteroids, or AIDS† (CDC, 2014). This happens inShow MoreRelatedVisual Argument911 Words   |  4 Pagesread this visual argument. This photo is self-explanatory. 2). What do you see? I see a man verbally abusing a lady. What are the key details or features here that stand out? The man’s face, fist punching the lady from his mouth, and the pain on the ladies face all stand out to support my theory. What images? The image is self-explanatory. What text? There was no text to support this visual argument. What supporting details? Every aspect of this photo supports my argument. 3). IdentifyRead MoreWhy Homosexual Marriage Is Harmful And Must Be Opposed893 Words   |  4 Pagestheir statements are based on biblical teachings and beliefs. As such, many of the arguments presented are subjective and perceived validity will vary with one’s religious standpoint. The primary claim is that homosexual marriage is morally, socially, and biologically wrong. Each supporting statement is separated into list format, so the connecting thread ended up being a bit disjointed. Collectively the argument appears deductive, though unsound. It is laid out in a valid structure; however, givenRead More Tennessee Williams The Glass Menagerie as a Tragedy Essay1498 Words   |  6 Pageslooking at the traditional definition of the classification tragedy, one can more easily assess whether or not the Glass Menagerie fits under this title. To do this I will be using the views of Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, who first defined the word tragedy and in his views, a tragedy contained certain, distinctive characteristics. His work was written in between 384 and 222 BC, and his views were taken on by some of the more traditional playwrights, suchRead MoreEffects Of Manipulative Materials On Mathematics Instruction Essay1684 Words   |  7 Pagesinstruction. Journal for research in mathematics education, 498-505. 1. Main argument or point? The paper argues that effectiveness in usage of manipulative learning depends on prolonged usage of concrete symbolic materials in learning and teaching across the ages in child learning process. However, the paper does not clearly outline particular manipulative learning that should be employed across the grades. 2. Structure of the argument: main sub-points and argumentation analysis? The main sub points inRead MoreWriting in Mathematics Seminar824 Words   |  4 PagesThis essay, although not feasible to implement in the real world, accomplishes the goals of a Writing in Mathematics seminar, which are to encourage students to think creatively about mathematics, increase the students’ skills in writing effective arguments, and show the students that there is far more to mathematics than what was taught in high school. Most of us arrived to this writing seminar in mathematics after we had been taught the dry, routine mathematics typically taught in high schoolsRead MoreThe On First Philosophy By Rene Descartes1699 Words   |  7 Pagesforget that everything he writes is based on the shaky foundation of the Christian God, and finds his later points less valid. We must look at Descartes’ argument in detail in order to establish why it is flawed and insufficient and thus undermines the rest of his project. His main argument for the existence of God is the so-called â€Å"causal argument.† He begins this train of thought by saying â€Å"because I am a thinking thing and have within me a certain idea of God, it must be granted that what causedRead MoreEssay about PhI 103Dq 4887 Words   |  4 Pages Fallacies in Media One rich source of fallacies is the media: television, radio, magazines, and the Internet. The arguments you experience in your daily life (work, family, shopping) are another source of fallacies. Identify three distinct informal logical fallacies you have experienced in the media or in your life. Explain how the fallacies were used and the context in which they occurred. Then, explain what the person presenting the fallacy should have done to ensure that he or she was not committingRead MoreEssay about Analysis of Theodore Dalrymple ´s What We Have to Lose1078 Words   |  5 Pagesdoctor and psychiatrist. Daniel in his writings has frequently argued that the liberal and progressive views prevalent within Western intellectual circles minimize the responsibility of individuals for their own actions and undermine mores which are traditional, contributing to the formation within rich countries of an underclass which is afflicted by violence, sexually transmitted diseases, criminality , welfare dependency and drug abuse. His writings are generally based on his experience of working withRead MoreRhetorical Analysis of Charles Murray Essay1312 Words   |  6 Pagesof a B.A can lead to more harm than good. Murray’s main argument throughout his essay is that the perceived reward of a college degree disseminates to those seeking higher education and inevitably does more harm than good. He argues that many students do not have the ability to enjoy and finish a four year degree. This leads the student to being stigmatized and in debt due to his or her failure. Murray further establishes his argument by saying that more people continue to go to college becauseRead MoreIn This Paper, I Plan To Argue The Ideas By Edward Conard,1287 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper, I plan to argue the ideas by Edward Conard, in his argument that we don’t need more humanities major in our academic system. In specific, this paper will explore the writer’s claims, the gaps in his arguments and counter-arguments in this topic. My argument is important because I will challenge Conard’s article with the self-fashioning’s article by Keohane. In Conard’s article, he demonstrates to answer the question whether or not we need more humanities. His answer is that we should

Wildlife Forensics and Investigation - 825 Words

Wildlife forensics is fairly uncharted territory to the investigation process of the criminal justice system today. This is because the criminal justice system has only recently discovered that wildlife crime is increasing and that the needs to successfully investigate a wildlife crime are quite different than those of a homicide. To understand the importance of wildlife forensics, what constitutes as â€Å"wildlife crime† must be distinguished. Also, knowing what makes wildlife crime so desirable is a good start at learning what preventative measures to take. What is considered wildlife crime, why this type of crime is rising, and the forensic scientist’s roles and significance of DNA are all major aspects of wildlife forensics that are often overlooked because of its unfamiliarity in the criminal justice system. It is important to have accurate knowledge of wildlife forensics before experimenting with ways of preventing it. As the SWGWILD article states in their Unive rsity of California publication, â€Å"wildlife crime is a global crisis† (SWG, 2012, p2). This means wildlife crime isn’t subject to just one geographic area. Every continent; every nation is confronted with wildlife crime. The six major issues this article discusses are: bio-terrorism and domestic security, organized crime, animal abuse, international terrorism, poaching, and food security. Bio-terrorism and domestic security typically involves the entering of a country with, in this instance, the carcass of anShow MoreRelatedDna Barcoding Using Coi For Species Identification For Conservation1573 Words   |  7 Pagesdiscusses the use of DNA Barcoding to determine the prohibited parrot trade. The prohibited wildlife trade can affect the existence of a species in a habitat by introducing other species that interfere with the living of the species in that habitat. In most cases, the illegal wildlife trade leads to extinction of particular species in the ecosystem. The molecular markers are fundamental in forensic sample analyses because of their success in analyzing samples that cannot be distinguished by theRead MoreInvestigating The Investigation And Control Of Crimes Against Animals, Wildlife And The Environment2177 Words   |  9 PagesEvaluate the use of current forensic and analytical techniques in the investigation and control of crimes against animals, wildlife and the environment. The poaching and smuggling of animals, has grown to an estimated annual $12 billion criminal industry. It has only been exceeded by drugs and arms trade (Eccleston, 2007). The illicit profiteering from this trade has been known to be a major source of funding for terrorist and extremist, militia groups. The trade in bushmeat and ivory in 2008 hadRead MoreMurder Essay1026 Words   |  5 PagesOutside the town of Shelby Township, Indiana was a woman’s body lying in the woods of a wildlife refuge. The body was stumbled across by a wildlife refuge worker on September 6, 2010. It was covered in dirt and leaves when found on site. The victim was covered with 3rd degree burns leaving very little room to determine the ethnicity. The hands and feet were shown to be missing and the tibia, pelvis, skull, humerus, and ribs were retrieved. The hands and feet were never found but a knife was leftRead MoreEssay about DNA, The New Crime Investigator1358 Words   |  6 Pagesthe foundation f or the modern science of genetics. A major break through which eventually made possible forensic uses of DNA occurred in the early 1950’s when James Watson and Francis Crick solved the puzzle of DNA’s structure and precipitated the revolution in molecular biology which followed. By solving the puzzle they made this foundation of our modern DNA analyzes used in today’s forensic science. (2) Some of the characteristics that make DNA unique on its uses are: Read MoreOrigin of Forensic Science Essay2718 Words   |  11 PagesORIGIN AND SERVICES OF FORENSIC SCIENCE â€Å"For most people, forensic science means cops and fingerprints and DNA analysis. All of that is still true, but these days forensic science encompasses much more.† Forensic science, also known as forensics, may generally be defined as the application of scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge to assist courts in resolving questions of fact in civil and criminal trials. In other words forensic science, in its broadest definition, is theRead MoreFish And Game Warden Case Study1477 Words   |  6 PagesFish And Game Warden Ever wonder what a fish and game wardens do? A fish and game warden is a police officers who enforce the laws protecting wildlife and natural habitats, particularly as they apply to hunting, boating and conservation.(2) With 9 different subjects in my research will help give you a better understanding of what a fish and game warden job intel’s. The work for fish and game wardens can be from informing individuals about the park, investigating hunting accidents and issues warningsRead MoreSenior Seminar Research Proposal Essay3231 Words   |  13 PagesIntroduction Forensic entomology is used to determine such crimes as murder, suicide, and other criminal acts by examining various insects instead of using human tissues. This forensic tool is used to determine the postmortem interval of a corpse and the cause of death of a corpse when all other forms of human evidence (human blood, tissues, hair, etc.) are not present at the scene. Forensic entomologists prefer using insects to determine these factors of death because the insects produce similarRead MoreTechnology Being Used Is Camera Traps1767 Words   |  8 Pagescamera traps. For decades, camera traps have been used to monitor wildlife without endangering the lives of humans, but today highly sophisticated digital cameras are even more helpful because some of the cameras now come with automatic triggers, heat sensing, vibration detection, infrared detection, video feeds, and acoustic elements (Cress and Zommers, 2014). Similarly to camera traps, radio collars that have been used for trackin g wildlife has also gone through technological advances in terms of theirRead MoreHighlighting Many of the Weaknesses in the Australian Legal System through the Chamberlain Case1202 Words   |  5 Pagesevidence. [3]They had the support of their friends, and the church supported them financially yet still the legal system let them down. Police Bias =========== Police have bias as they are involved first hand with the investigation and sometimes cannot be objective. They would not have had the Chamberlain’s best interests at heart. Instead, the force would have been worried about their town, its people and thought of the Chamberlains as outside visitors, a familyRead MoreAnimal Cruelty2248 Words   |  9 PagesOrg 1). Animals that limp, have patches of fur missing, or have open sores, are being abused, they need help (The Humane Society 2)! Mass breeding or â€Å"puppy mill† is cruelty to animals. While cats and dogs were the most common victims, cruelty to wildlife almost doubled (The Birmingham Post 1). People do not realize that this is a sign of mistreating animals (The American Society of Prevention of Cruelty 1). Those who are cruel to animals should face a life ban of owning them (The Birmingham Post

Unit 1 Assignment 1 Windows 2008 Network Services Free Essays

Unit 1 – Assignment 1 – Windows 2008 Network Services If you have a routed local area network and high-speed links that are fairly reliable, you might be able to use one DNS server for a larger, multiple sub-netted network area. If you have a high number of client nodes on a single subnet design, you might want to add more than one DNS server to the subnet to provide backup and failover if the preferred DNS server stops responding. When determining the number of DNS servers you need to use, assess the effect of zone transfers and DNS query traffic on slower links in your network. We will write a custom essay sample on Unit 1 Assignment 1 Windows 2008 Network Services or any similar topic only for you Order Now Although DNS is designed to help reduce broadcast traffic between local subnets, it does create some traffic between servers and clients that should be reviewed, particularly when used in complexly routed LAN or WAN environments. Consider the effects of zone transfer over slower speed links, like those typically used for a wide area network (WAN) connection. Windows 7 Check Your Understanding iframe class="wp-embedded-content" sandbox="allow-scripts" security="restricted" style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);" src="" data-secret="cW3i1hWumW" width="500" height="282" title="#8220;Windows 7 Check Your Understanding#8221; #8212; Free Essays -" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="no"/iframe Although the DNS Server service supports incremental zone transfers and DNS clients and servers can cache recently used names, traffic considerations are sometimes still an issue, particularly when DHCP leases are shortened and, as a result, dynamic updates in DNS are performed more frequently. One option for dealing with remote locations on WAN links is to set up a DNS server at these locations to provide caching-only DNS service. With most installations, you should have at least two server computers hosting each of your DNS zones for fault tolerance. DNS was designed to have two servers for each zone, one as a primary server and the other as a backup or secondary server. When making any final determinations about the number of servers to use, first assess the level of fault tolerance you need for your network. Because there is no fixed limit to the maximum number of clients a DHCP server can service or to the number of scopes you can create on a DHCP server, the primary factors to consider when you determine the number of DHCP servers to use are network architecture and server hardware. For example, in a single subnet environment, only one DHCP server is necessary, although you may want to use two servers or deploy a DHCP server cluster for increased fault tolerance. In multiple subnet environments, routers must forward DHCP messages between subnets, so router performance can affect your DHCP service. In both cases, DHCP server hardware affects service to clients. How to cite Unit 1 Assignment 1 Windows 2008 Network Services, Papers

Regulating Enterprise Law and Business †

Question: Discuss about the Regulating Enterprise for Law and Business Organisation. Answer: Introduction: Any desired person who wishes to initiate business can do so in the form of a sole trade ship, a partnership or a company. The corporation Act 2001 is the guiding legislation that governs the working of a company. A company is incorporated when the same is registered as per the governing Law of the country. When a company is granted registration, then, as per Salomon vASalomon Co Ltd a company is regarded as an entity which has its own existence in Law. The separate legal existence rule simply qualifies that a company is not to be associated with its officers and is an artificial person and is capable to file suits, acquire properties, etc. The company indulges itself in its own actions and in its own name and will not render the officers accountable of the same. Even if all company officers die, still, the company survives and never dies. In Salomon vASalomon Co Ltd, a company is formed by one single person and it was held by the court that even if the company is incorporated by one single person still it is distinct from him and can take actions in its own name. The concept of separate legal entity was retreated in Lee v Lee's Air Farming Ltd wherein the director/shareholder was also its employee. He died while serving his employment duties and the court upheld the claim of widow and considered that the director/shareholder should be considered as the employee. A company is capable to enter into a separate contract with the direct/shareholder and the same will be distinct in nature. In Industry v Bottrill, Magnatech UK Ltd in which Mr Botrill was the Managing director. He was also the shareholder and was also entered into an employment contract. It was held by the court that a shareholder can become the employee and both are distinct in its capacity as the company is a separate legal entity in the eyes of law. Thus he was allowed to seek unpaid wages of worth 346.15 a week from the National Insurance Fund. This esteem principle of separate legal entity has its own set of disadvantages. There are times when this veil that makes a distinction amid the company and its officers is to be pierced. This is called piercing the corporate veil of the company. When the veil if pierced, then, the company losses its personality and the officers are held liable directly for the acts of the company. The acts of the officers are the acts of the company and vice versa and the officers and be held directly liable for the same. In one of the principle cases of Gilford Motor Company Ltd v. Horne, the veil is pierced on the ground that fraud is committed by availing the benefit of separate legal principle concept. A company in the name of Gilford motors has employed Mr Homes. It is contractually decided amid the company and Mr Home that he is not permitted to implore the company employees post his job. Mr Home was acquainted with most of the company employees and the restriction is imposed to protect the business and good will of the company. But, Mr Home formulated a company in the name of his wife and has implored most the Gilford motors employees. The main plea of Mr Home was that the company was established by his wife and being the separate legal entity he has no association with his wifes company and thus there is no contractual breach on the part of Mr Homes. But, the court held that the main intention for the establishment of the company by the wife of Mr Home was to deceit Gilford motors and to avoid the contractual breach. But, in such situation, the veil of the company can be lifted and the company established by Mr Homes wife should be considered as the company formed by Mr Home only. Thus, he has violated the term of the contract that was framed with Gilford motors. Thus, the main question that arises is to what extend the restrain clauses are permitted and when they are legal. Restrain clauses are those clauses wherein the employer in order to protect its confidentially, good will, etc imposes restrictions on the employees and does not allow any employee to transfer the information of the company to any other person. The restrain clause is only enforceable when the same is part of the employment contract. The restrain clauses normally incorporate two kinds of restrain, that is, to prohibit an employee to work at some geographical region or to prohibit to carry the trade for some specific time period and is analyzed in Murray v Yorkshire Fund ManagersLtd. Any restrain clause which is availed by the employer is valid provided, firstly, the restrain is obtained by an employer to protect his valid interest in Law; secondly, at times the transportation of information by the employee may hamper the reputation and good will of the company which has been built over the years. So, in order to protect such good will which may get hampered because of the transportations of the information can be secured by relying on the restrain clause; thirdly, the disclosure of information by the employee may also hinder the companys confidentiality and in order to protect the same the employer is allowed to rely on the restrain clauses. But, the clauses that are imposed on the employees must be for a limited period of time. It was found in number of cases that the justified prohibition is from 1 month to 2 years. Any restriction beyond such period is found to be unjustified and such restrain clauses are found to be inoperative in nature[15]. If the employer wants to rely on the restrain clauses which prohibit an employee beyond two years that the employer has to prove that the imposition is justified on the ground of confidentially, legal interest or to protect goodwill. If the employee violates the restrain clause that is imposed upon him then he can be penalized and must face compensation, damages and injunction actions. Application of law Computers Pty Ltd is the company which was established in New South Wales. Chu was the operations manager and is acquainted with most of the company secretive and important information. He was working with Computers Pty Ltd from last five years but on attaining the age of 50, he was retired from Computers Pty Ltd. The Computers Pty Ltd was dealing in hardware/software business. Since Chu is acquainted with most of the confidential information of the business and is aware of the Computers Pty Ltd working, thus, he was prohibited to deal in the similar business in New South Wales for a period of two years. Thus, a restrain is imposed on Chu for two years. The clause that is imposed by Computers Pty Ltd on Chu is legal and valid because Chu was the operational manager and is aware of all the clients of Computers Pty Ltd. there are chances that he might solicit the employees of Computers Pty Ltd and then may compete with Computers Pty Ltd thereby hampering the goodwill of the company, so, as per Seven Network (Operations) Limited the restrain clause is valid. Also, as per Pearson, a two year restrain clause is found to be valid and legal. However, Chu has violated the clause by taking the shelf of separate legal entity principle. He incorporated a company in his wifes name wherein his wife was the sole shareholder. He established that the company is in the name of the company and is a separate legal entity thus he is not associated with the company in any manner. But by applying the principal in Gilford Motor, Chu was not considered as distinct from the company. The veil of the company was pierced and it is found that fraud is incurred by Chu with the help of his wife in order to mitigate the effect of the restrain clause. The company was dealing in the same trade in which Computers Pty Ltd was dealing in New South Wales. The company was incorporated with two years of the retirement of Chu. Thus, the clause was totally violated. Conclusion So, the action of Chu to establish a company in his wife name is a clear violation of the restrain clause. The piercing of veil principal is applied and the company established by Chu wife is hold to be formed by Chu himself thereby breaching the terms of the restrain clause. Bibliography Cassidy, Julie, Concise Corporations Law (Federation Press, 2006). 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